Italy’s Immigration Policy (2008)

Edited on May 22, 2008
Italy, at the southern edge of the European continent, faces a lot of illegal immigration.
People cross the Mediterranean Sea flowing in from Albania, North Africa and other confining countries. Others came from the Balkan area during the Balkan Wars in
Ex-Yugolslavia. Meanwhile refugees from the war afflicted Balkan States were mainly accepted by the Italian people, others like immigrants reaching the Italian southern
coastlines using boats or other departed from North Africa or Albania had mainly be refused. Shortly the new problem, on which also focused a session of the European
Parliament, is the inrush of Rom people. Roms are a minority of several nationalities, not only Romanians. They are gypsies. In times of standstill in the Italian economical growth,
raising tax pressure, stumbling politics many Italians are disappointed how things go on in their country.
Due to increased crimes committed by foreigners (as reported by Italian’s Interior Affairs Department) the Italian government passed a bill to ease the expulsion of EU
citizens as a large number of Rom people comes from Romania. Romania was admitted to the European Union in January 2007. The bill is applied to all EU citizen not able to maintain
themselves using legal sources (work, salary, etc) and could lead to expulsion if EU citizens are caught committing crimes or just having an illicit employment or if they lack
a residence in Italy.
Recently, media agencies, newspapers, TV news services and so on, are spotting on crimes committed by foreigners, especially Romanians. This behavior leads to an increasing
xenophobic position of the Italian people. If there is a rape committed by a foreigner you can see the headlines in first page with capitalized letters. If it happens vice-versa,
for instance a Romanian woman gets raped by an Italian, the only thing you can read (if you are willed to leaf through the newspaper) are few lines of it.
In the last decade, due to the increment of elder people (a trend going on in nearly all industrialized countries that has a huge impact on welfare costs) the request for domestic
assistance at home to care about them raised constantly as family members are not able to take care. A lack on qualified and willed personnel to do this job lead to hire immigrants
as caretaker for older people. Many Italians do not know that immigrants they dislike are the spine of a private domestic assistant market where many of them have a legal job and
without their assistance many older people might have been abandoned to themselves. These “immigrants” are the real complementary part of a non perfect Italian welfare system. A
system regularly hit by corruption, miss management and other reasons.
Crimes are committed either by Italians, either by immigrants. What we need to avoid is a generalization of immigrants tagging them all as “illegals” or “criminals”. The Italian
immigrant policy, passed as a “pre-bill” to deal with this emergency of crime, needs to be applied in a more specific way where every single individual should be screened if there
are conditions to kick him or her out. I do agree that immigrants filed with crimes need to be expelled no matter if they are EU citizens of Western countries like France or
Germany, or from Romania, Poland, North Africa, etc. The main threat is the tendency that pushes the Italian folks (and media is really nourishing that trend) to a more “xenophobic
position” against immigrants. The EU Parliament addressed a session to debate on Rome’s Immigrant Policy. And they do right when they “take an eyeball” on how Italy deals with

Nuclear Power Debate in Italy / Dibattito sul Nucleare in Italia

Nuclear power, haven’t we it always in our power lines?

The debate about nuclear power plants popped up recently has it’s not quite little bit of “embarrassment” tagged. How many Italians know that 15% of the energy needed to run Italy must be imported from neighbor countries like France, Switzerland and Slovenia? And tell me who doesn’t know that there are tenths of active nuclear plants situated around Italy? Why all this confusion and embarrassment? A small part of the energy we use every day is produced by nuclear facilities anyway. And we have been always more prosperous and prodigy with energy consumption. We lament on high energy bills, on Black Outs and other. Can You tell me the percentage of the Italians who honestly apply to the citizen’s energy saving behaviors known as “simple advices”? You see, this situation is not easy. We banned nuclear power from our territory, but a small amount of the power that we use at home is indelibly tagged “Nuclear Made”. So what should we do?

There are different ways to solve the issue: from solar energy to geo-thermical plants, from Wind power to nuclear plants. Life is a continuously strike the balance between the one and the other. The ideal solution doesn’t exist. I suppose to set up a nice mix of all energy producing technologies now available. But we should prefer renewable energy solutions and use a “integration quota” of fossil and nuclear energy in the mix. The ground to decide should be reducing global warming.

Il Nucleare, ma non l’abbiamo da sempre nella lampadina?

Il riacceso dibattito sull’utilizzo del nucleare ha qualcosa di non poco “imbarazzante”. Quanti Italiani sanno che il 15% del fabbisogno energetico del nostro paese deve essere importato dai paesi confinanti come la Francia, la Svizzera e la Slovenia? E chi non sa che intorno allo stivale ci sono decine di reattori nucleari in azione? Perché tanta confusione ed imbarazzo. Una parte dell’energia che utilizziamo è comunque di origine nucleare. Poi siamo diventati sempre più “prosperi” e “generosi” con l’energia. Ci lamentiamo del costo alto, dei Black Out ed altro. Quant’è grande la percentuale degli Italiani che si dedicano davvero al risparmio energetico “cittadino” seguendo i consigli semplici? Vedete che questa situazione non è semplice. Abbiamo denuclearizzato i nostro territori, ma la corrente che arriva in casa nostra è costituita indelebilmente di una quota nucleare. Allora ragazzi, cosa facciamo?

Esistono diverse soluzioni: dal solare al geotermico, dall’eolico al nucleare. La vita è un compromesso continuo, la soluzione ideale non esiste. Suppongo piuttosto un bel mix di tutte le tecnologie oggi disponibili per la produzione di energia elettrica con un focus maggiore sulle fonti rinnovabili ma con una “quota di integrazione” del nucleare e fossile. La base delle scelte deve essere però la riduzione del gas serra.

Andreas Ahlen

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Copyright 2008 Andreas Ahlen